ÇANAKKALE KİLİTBAHİR KALESİ

Çanakkale Boğazı’nın Rumeli yakasında deniz geçişini kontrol altında tutmak için Çimenlik Kalesi’nin (Kal‘a-i Sultâniyye’nin) karşısına Fatih Sultan Mehmet tarafından yaptırılmıştır. Dönemin tarihçilerinden Tursun Bey, İstanbul’un fethinin ardından Boğaz'ın en dar yerinde (Eceovası denilen mevkide) karşılıklı iki kale yapıldığını, birine Kilîdü’lbahr, diğerine Sultâniye adının verildiğini ve bu kalelere topların konulduğunu yazar. Kritovulos (Kiritoboulos) ise 867 (1463) yılı olaylarından bahsederken Gelibolu ve Bolayır Valisi olan Donanma Kumandanı Yâkub Bey’in bu kalelerin inşasıyla görevlendirildiğini, 869 (1464-65) yılı olaylarını anlatırken de inşaatın tamamlanmış olduğunu belirtir. İstanbul’un fethinden sonra Fatih dönemi mimarisinde geometriye verilen önemi yansıtan üç yapraklı yonca planına sahip Kilitbahir Kalesi, gelişen topçuluk teknolojisi ile dönemin askeri mimarisinin öncü bir şeması olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Kale; çekirdeğinde yer alan yürek biçimli 7 katlı iç kule, üç yapraklı yonca formuna sahip iç kale ve etrafını saran dış surlardan oluşmaktadır. Kilitbahir Kalesi, korunması gerekli kültür varlığı olarak tescillidir.

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